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Particulate matter emissions of four different cigarette types of one popular brand: influence of tobacco strength and additives

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dc.contributor.author Braun, M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Koger, F. en_US
dc.contributor.author Klingelhöfer, D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Müller, R. en_US
dc.contributor.author Groneberg, D. A. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2019-06-04T12:20:34Z
dc.date.available 2019-06-04T12:20:34Z
dc.date.issued 2019 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1660-4601 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16020263 en_US
dc.identifier.other http://lib.itg.be/pdf/itg/2019/2019ijer0001.pdf en_US
dc.identifier.other 11 pp. en_US
dc.identifier.other 69 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-B4A; DBM; U-ENTOM; JIF; OAJ; E-only; DOI; PDF; PMC; Abstract; ITMPUB; DSPACE66 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/10615
dc.description.abstract The inhalation of particulate matter (PM) in second-hand smoke (SHS) is hazardous to health of smokers and non-smokers. Tobacco strength (amount of tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide) and different additives might have an effect on the amount of PM. This study aimed to investigate the influence of tobacco strength or additives on PM. Four cigarette types of the brand Marlboro with different strengths and with or without additives were analyzed in comparison to the 3R4F reference cigarette. SHS was generated by an automatic environmental tobacco smoke emitter (AETSE) in an enclosed space with a volume of 2.88 m(3). PM concentrations (PM10, PM2.5, PM(1)) were measured with a laser aerosol spectrometer followed by statistical analysis. The two strongest Marlboro brands (Red and Red without additives) showed the highest PM concentrations of all tested cigarettes. The measured mean concentrations Cmean of PM10 increased up to 1458 microg/m(3) for the Marlboro Red without additives (PM2.5: 1452 microg/m(3), PM(1): 1263 microg/m(3)). The similarly strong Marlboro Red showed very similar PM values. The second strongest type Marlboro Gold showed 36% (PM10, PM2.5) and 32% (PM(1)) lower values, respectively. The "lightest" type Marlboro Silver Blue showed 54% (PM10, PM2.5) or 50% (PM(1)) lower PM values. The results indicate that the lower the tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide amounts, as well as the longer the cigarette filter, the lower are the PM levels. An influence of additives could not be determined. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.uri http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30658514 en_US
dc.subject Tobacco en_US
dc.subject Smoking en_US
dc.title Particulate matter emissions of four different cigarette types of one popular brand: influence of tobacco strength and additives en_US
dc.type Article-E en_US
dc.citation.issue 2 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle International Journal of Environmental Research in Public Health en_US
dc.citation.volume 16 en_US
dc.citation.abbreviation Int J Environ Res Public Health en_US


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