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Examining community perceptions of malaria to inform elimination efforts in Southern Mozambique: a qualitative study

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Show simple item record Portugaliza, H.P. en_US Galatas, B. en_US Nhantumbo, H. en_US Djive, H. en_US Murato, I. en_US Saute, F. en_US Aide, P. en_US Pell, C. en_US Munguambe, K. en_US 2020-08-25T09:38:40Z 2020-08-25T09:38:40Z 2019 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1475-2875 en_US
dc.identifier.doi en_US
dc.identifier.other en_US
dc.identifier.other 14 pp. en_US
dc.identifier.other 39 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-B1B; DBM; U-MALAR; JIF; DOI; PDF; Abstract; ITMPUB; DSPACE68 en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: In a background of renewed calls for malaria eradication, several endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa are contemplating malaria elimination nationally or sub-nationally. In Mozambique, a strategy to eliminate malaria in the south is underway in the context of low endemicity levels and cross-border initiatives to eliminate malaria in South Africa and Eswatini. In this context, a demonstration project aiming to interrupt malaria transmission through mass antimalarial drug administrations and intensified vector control programmes accompanied by community engagement and standard case management was implemented in the Magude District. To ensure the necessary uptake of these interventions, formative qualitative research explored the perceptions, beliefs, attitudes, and practices related to malaria, its prevention and control. The current article describes the results of this study. METHODS: Seventeen focus group discussions were conducted between September and October of 2015 with the community leaders (6), adult men (5), women of reproductive age (5), and traditional healers (1) in Magude prior to the implementation of the project interventions. Respondents discussed perceptions around malaria symptoms, causes, preventions, and treatments. RESULTS: Knowledge of malaria was linked to awareness of its clinical presentation, and on-going vector control programmes. Perceptions of malaria aetiology were fragmented but related mainly to mosquito-mediated transmission. Reported preventive measures mostly involved mosquito control although participants were aware of the protective limitations of vector control tools. Awareness of asymptomatic carriers and the risk of outdoor malaria transmission were varied. Fever and malaria-like symptoms triggered immediate care-seeking community at health facilities. The identified barriers to malaria treatment included fear/mistrust in Western medicine, distance to health facilities, and lack of transportation. CONCLUSIONS: Several constraints and opportunities will potentially influence malaria elimination in Magude. Malaria awareness, trust in health institutions, and the demand for chemoprophylaxis could facilitate new interventions, such as mass drug administration. A lack of awareness of asymptomatic carriers, inadequate understanding of residual transmission, and barriers to care seeking could jeopardize uptake. Hence, elimination campaigns require strong community engagement and grassroots mobilization. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.uri en_US
dc.subject Malaria en_US
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en_US
dc.subject Control en_US
dc.subject Elimination en_US
dc.subject Community-based en_US
dc.subject Mozambique en_US
dc.subject Africa-Southern en_US
dc.title Examining community perceptions of malaria to inform elimination efforts in Southern Mozambique: a qualitative study en_US
dc.type Article-E en_US
dc.citation.issue 1 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Malaria Journal en_US
dc.citation.volume 18 en_US
dc.citation.pages 232 en_US
dc.citation.abbreviation Malar J en_US

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