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Gender differences in tuberculosis: a prevalence survey done in Bangladesh

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dc.contributor.author Salim, A. H. en_US
dc.contributor.author Declercq, E. en_US
dc.contributor.author Van Deun, A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Saki, K. A. R. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-06T14:48:06Z
dc.date.available 2007-12-06T14:48:06Z
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1027-3719 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-M3A en_US
dc.identifier.other MICRO en_US
dc.identifier.other U-MYCOB en_US
dc.identifier.other JIF en_US
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/1942
dc.description.abstract SETTING: Bangladesh national tuberculosis control programme districts supported by the Damien Foundation (population 18 million). OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the observed gender difference is epidemiologically true or whether it is due to accessibility barriers for women. DESIGN: Two-stage random sampling population survey. People were interviewed by teams composed of one male and one female volunteer about the presence of symptoms suggestive of tuberculosis. One early morning sputum specimen of all thus identified tuberculosis suspects was examined by Ziehl-Neelsen technique. RESULTS: A total of 266189 people were surveyed, among whom 223 936 (84.1%) could be interviewed. This led to the identification of 7001 tuberculosis suspects (2406 females and 4595 males) and 64 confirmed TB cases (16 females and 48 males). The female/male ratio (0.33:1) of cases found during the survey was not higher than that observed through routine diagnosis (0.42:1). The routine case-notification rate of sputum-positive cases during 2000 was about twice the rate observed during the survey (44.3 vs. 24.0 per 100 000 population). CONCLUSIONS: The gender difference observed in routine tuberculosis diagnosis is real, and is not due to lesser accessibility of women to the health services. The routine notification rate compares favourably with the detection of previously unknown cases found during the survey. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher International Union Against Tuberculosis And Lung Disease
dc.subject Bacterial diseases en_US
dc.subject Tuberculosis en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Gender en_US
dc.subject Surveys en_US
dc.subject Bangladesh en_US
dc.subject Asia, South en_US
dc.title Gender differences in tuberculosis: a prevalence survey done in Bangladesh en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.jtitle International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease en_US
dc.citation.volume 8 en_US
dc.citation.pages 952-957 en_US
dc.publisher.place Paris
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15305476
dc.citation.jabbreviation Int J Tuberc Lung Dis en_US


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