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Transmission of HIV-1 injection in sub-Saharan Africa and effect of elimination of unsafe injections

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dc.contributor.author Schmid, G. P. en_US
dc.contributor.author Buvé, A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Mugyenyi, P. en_US
dc.contributor.author Garnet, G. P. en_US
dc.contributor.author Hayes, R. J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Williams, B. G. en_US
dc.contributor.author Calleja, J. G. en_US
dc.contributor.author De Cock, K. M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Whitworth, J. A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Kapiga, S. H. en_US
dc.contributor.author Ghys, P. D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Hankins, C. en_US
dc.contributor.author Zaba, B. en_US
dc.contributor.author Heimer, R. en_US
dc.contributor.author Boerma, J. T. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-06T14:48:08Z
dc.date.available 2007-12-06T14:48:08Z
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0140-6736 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(04)15497-4
dc.identifier.other ITG-M2A en_US
dc.identifier.other MICRO en_US
dc.identifier.other U-HIVSTD en_US
dc.identifier.other JIF en_US
dc.identifier.other DOI en_US
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/1946
dc.description.abstract During the past year, a group has argued that unsafe injections are a major if not the main mode of HIV-1 transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. We review the main arguments used to question the epidemiological interpretations on the lead role of unsafe sex in HIV-1 transmission, and conclude there is no compelling evidence that unsafe injections are a predominant mode of HIV-1 transmission in sub-Saharan Africa. Conversely, though there is a clear need to eliminate all unsafe injections, epidemiological evidence indicates that sexual transmission continues to be by far the major mode of spread of HIV-1 in the region. Increased efforts are needed to reduce sexual transmission of HIV-1 en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.subject HIV-1 en_US
dc.subject AIDS en_US
dc.subject Viral diseases en_US
dc.subject Transmission en_US
dc.subject Injections en_US
dc.subject Sexual behavior en_US
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject South Africa en_US
dc.subject Africa en_US
dc.title Transmission of HIV-1 injection in sub-Saharan Africa and effect of elimination of unsafe injections en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.issue 9407 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Lancet en_US
dc.citation.volume 363 en_US
dc.citation.pages 482-488 en_US
dc.publisher.place Amsterdam
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14962531
dc.identifier.url http://www.thelancet.com
dc.citation.jabbreviation Lancet en_US


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