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Waar en hoe ontstond de hiv-pandemie?

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dc.contributor.author Buvé, A.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-04-01T15:38:19Z
dc.date.available 2009-04-01T15:38:19Z
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.issn 0371-683X
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.2143/TVG.64.16.2000374
dc.identifier.other ITG-MUA
dc.identifier.other MICRO
dc.identifier.other U-HIVSTD
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other UPD11
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/2621
dc.description.abstract AIDS has first been described in homosexual men in the United States in 1981. Still, the oldest known case of hiv infection was a resident of Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of Congo) whose blood was taken in 1959 and kept frozen for several decades. The variability of hiv strains which circulate in the human population, has been used to estimate the likely date hiv was introduced in the human population. Thus it is thought that hiv entered the human population between 1890 and 1945. Two types of HIV do exist, HIV-1 and HIV-2. The former is found mainly in West Africa and its ancestor appears to be a lentivirus that infects the sooty mangabey. This primate has its habitat in West Africa. HIV-1 is by far the most common HIV type and appears to have originated from Simian Immunodeficiency Viruses of the chimpanzee, Pan troglodytes troglodytes, whose habitat is situated in Central Africa. Transmission of viruses from primates to humans occurred most likely through the consumption of bush meat and contact of humans with blood of infected animals. en
dc.language Dutch en
dc.subject Viral diseases en
dc.subject HIV en
dc.subject AIDS en
dc.subject Origins en
dc.subject Transmission dynamics en
dc.subject Strains en
dc.subject Geographical distribution en
dc.subject Congo-Kinshasa en
dc.title Waar en hoe ontstond de hiv-pandemie? en
dc.type Article en
dc.citation.issue 16 en
dc.citation.jtitle Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde en
dc.citation.volume 64 en
dc.citation.pages 804-806 en
dc.citation.jabbreviation Tijdschr Geneeskd en


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