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Water-related disease patterns before and after the construction of the Diama dam in northern Senegal

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dc.contributor.author Sow, S. en_US
dc.contributor.author de Vlas, S. J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Engels, D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Gryseels, B. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-06T14:34:09Z
dc.date.available 2007-12-06T14:34:09Z
dc.date.issued 2002 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0272-4936 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/000349802125001636
dc.identifier.other ITG-P1A en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-PLA en_US
dc.identifier.other DIREC en_US
dc.identifier.other U-SCHISTO en_US
dc.identifier.other PARAS en_US
dc.identifier.other JIF en_US
dc.identifier.other DOI en_US
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/279
dc.description.abstract The ecological changes caused by projects for the development of water resources are known to affect the epidemiology of water-related diseases. The effects of the construction of the Diama dam (completed in 1986) in the Senegal River on the epidemiology of malaria, urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis, diarrhoea and dysentery were investigated in four districts in northern Senegal. To make allowance for any general trend in reported morbidity (caused by changes in demography or the healthcare system), the numbers of cases of these illnesses reported by the basic healthcare facilities before and after the completion of the dam were compared with those of respiratory disease. Prior to the construction of the dam, malaria was the most encountered water-related disease in the medical records of all districts, followed by diarrhoea, dysentery and urinary schistosomiasis. This order remained the same after the completion of the dam. Despite the optimism of health-assessment reports prepared prior to the construction of the Diama dam, the unexpected appearance and spread of intestinal schistosomiasis as well as an increase in the incidence of urinary schistosomiasis have aggravated public health in the Senegal River basin. It remains to be judged whether the economic benefits of the dam will counterbalance its adverse effects. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Waterborne diseases en_US
dc.subject Environmental factors en_US
dc.subject Dams en_US
dc.subject Impact en_US
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Malaria en_US
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en_US
dc.subject Schistosomiasis en_US
dc.subject Helminthic diseases en_US
dc.subject Diarrheal diseases en_US
dc.subject Dysentery en_US
dc.subject Economic aspects en_US
dc.subject Senegal en_US
dc.subject Africa, West en_US
dc.title Water-related disease patterns before and after the construction of the Diama dam in northern Senegal en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.issue 6 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology en_US
dc.citation.volume 96 en_US
dc.citation.pages 575-586 en_US
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12396320
dc.citation.jabbreviation Ann Trop Med Parasitol en_US


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