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Pratiques hygiéniques et risques de contamination des eaux de surface par des oeufs de schistosomes: le cas d'un village infesté dans le nord du Sénégal

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dc.contributor.author Sow, S. en_US
dc.contributor.author de Vlas, S. J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Polman, K. en_US
dc.contributor.author Gryseels, B. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-06T14:34:10Z
dc.date.available 2007-12-06T14:34:10Z
dc.date.issued 2004 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0037-9085 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-P1A en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-P3A en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-PLA en_US
dc.identifier.other PARAS en_US
dc.identifier.other U-SCHISTO en_US
dc.identifier.other DIREC en_US
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/281
dc.description.abstract The transmission of intestinal schistosomiasis presumes that faecal materials containing viable schistosome eggs reach natural water bodies infested with snail intermediate host. So far there is little knowledge about the contamination dynamics of streams with schistosome eggs. We conducted a pilot study on defecating behaviour and hygienic practices in an Schistosoma mansoni endemic focus in Northern Senegal. Questionnaires were used to obtain quantitative data on hygienic practices and the use of latrines in 59 children. Although the community was well endowed with pit latrines, most of the children declared that they usually defecated somewhere else, in particular near the streams where the vegetation offers hideouts. Observations based on mapping of defecation sites showed that a considerable number of stools were left just a few meters from the riverbank, thus bearing a high risk of being washed off into the water. All these practices can easily lead to contamination of water bodies with schistosomae eggs. In order to improve hygienic practices and reduce fecal pollution of the environment, a health education model respecting local beliefs and customs would be indispensable. en_US
dc.language French en_US
dc.subject Helminthic diseases en_US
dc.subject Schistosomiasis en_US
dc.subject Risk behavior en_US
dc.subject Hygiene en_US
dc.subject Latrines en_US
dc.subject Feces en_US
dc.subject Practices en_US
dc.subject Water pollution en_US
dc.subject Senegal en_US
dc.subject Africa, West en_US
dc.title Pratiques hygiéniques et risques de contamination des eaux de surface par des oeufs de schistosomes: le cas d'un village infesté dans le nord du Sénégal fr
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique fr
dc.citation.volume 97 en_US
dc.citation.pages 12-14 en_US
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15104150
dc.citation.jabbreviation Bull Soc Pathol Exot fr


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