Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp
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Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolated from broiler farms, chicken carcasses, and street-vended restaurants in Casamance, Senegal

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dc.contributor.author Dione, M. M.
dc.contributor.author Ieven, M.
dc.contributor.author Garin, B.
dc.contributor.author Marcotty, T.
dc.contributor.author Geerts, S.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-12-17T14:29:54Z
dc.date.available 2009-12-17T14:29:54Z
dc.date.issued 2009
dc.identifier.issn 0362-028X
dc.identifier.other ITG-A4A
dc.identifier.other ITG-ALA
dc.identifier.other ANIMAL
dc.identifier.other U-ANIMAL
dc.identifier.other UPD17
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/2835
dc.description.abstract This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence and distribution of Salmonella on 57 randomly selected broiler farms at the end of the rearing period and in chicken products in urban and periurban areas in Casamance, Senegal, and to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance profiles of the Salmonella serovars. Salmonella was detected in chicken feces, on carcass skin, and in muscle on 35.1, 38.6, and 29.8% of farms, respectively. Salmonella was found in chicken meat servings from 14.3% of the 42 street restaurants and in 40.4% of the 285 chicken carcasses examined. The prevalence on skin and in muscle was significantly associated with the detection of Salmonella in feces (P <or= 0.001). Eighteen Salmonella serovars were identified; the most common were Brancaster (57.9%), Goelzau (10.7%), Kentucky (8.4%), and Hadar (7.3%). High levels of resistance were found to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, tetracycline, trimethoprim, streptomycin, and sulfonamides. All Salmonella serovars were susceptible to fluoroquinolones and third-generation cephalosporins. A large proportion of the isolates belonging to 11 serovars were resistant to two or more antibiotics. Salmonella continues to be of serious concern in the broiler production chain in Senegal. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Food contamination en
dc.subject Chicken meat en
dc.subject Street foods en
dc.subject Bacteria en
dc.subject Salmonella en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Antimicrobial resistance en
dc.subject Senegal en
dc.subject Africa, West en
dc.title Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolated from broiler farms, chicken carcasses, and street-vended restaurants in Casamance, Senegal en
dc.type Article en
dc.citation.issue 11 en
dc.citation.jtitle Journal of Food Protection en
dc.citation.volume 72 en
dc.citation.pages 2423-2427 en
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19903412
dc.citation.jabbreviation J Food Protect en


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