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Domestic animals and epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis, Nepal

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dc.contributor.author Bhattarai, N. R.
dc.contributor.author Van der Auwera, G.
dc.contributor.author Rijal, S.
dc.contributor.author Picado, A.
dc.contributor.author Speybroeck, N.
dc.contributor.author Khanal, B.
dc.contributor.author De Doncker, S.
dc.contributor.author Das, M. L.
dc.contributor.author Ostyn, B.
dc.contributor.author Davies, C.
dc.contributor.author Coosemans, M.
dc.contributor.author Berkvens, D.
dc.contributor.author Boelaert, M.
dc.contributor.author Dujardin, J. C.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-02-08T15:56:56Z
dc.date.available 2010-02-08T15:56:56Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.issn 1080-6040
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid1602.090623
dc.identifier.other ITG-P1B
dc.identifier.other ITG-P2B
dc.identifier.other ITG-A5A
dc.identifier.other ITG-P7B
dc.identifier.other ITG-H9B
dc.identifier.other ITG-P11A
dc.identifier.other ITG-A12A
dc.identifier.other ITG-H13A
dc.identifier.other ITG-PLA
dc.identifier.other MULTI-3
dc.identifier.other PARAS
dc.identifier.other U-PROTO
dc.identifier.other HEALTH
dc.identifier.other U-EPID
dc.identifier.other ANIMAL
dc.identifier.other U-ANIMAL
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other UPD18
dc.identifier.other FTA
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/2906
dc.description.abstract On the Indian subcontinent, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is considered an anthroponosis. To determine possible reasons for its persistence during interepidemic periods, we mapped Leishmania infections among healthy persons and animals in an area of active VL transmission in Nepal. During 4 months (September 2007-February 2008), blood was collected from persons, goats, cows, and buffaloes in 1 village. Leishmania infections were determined by using PCR. We found infections among persons (6.1%), cows (5%), buffaloes (4%), and goats (16%). Data were georeferenced and entered into a geographic information system. The bivariate K-function results indicated spatial clustering of Leishmania spp.-positive persons and domestic animals. Classification tree analysis determined that among several possible risk factors for Leishmania infection among persons, proximity of Leishmania spp.-positive goats ranked first. Although our data do not necessarily mean that goats constitute a reservoir host of L. donovani, these observations indicate the need for further investigation of goats' possible role in VL transmission. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en
dc.subject Visceral en
dc.subject Leishmaniasis en
dc.subject Leishmania en
dc.subject Epidemiology en
dc.subject Diagnosis en
dc.subject Sampling en
dc.subject PCR en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Domestic animals en
dc.subject Cows en
dc.subject Buffaloes en
dc.subject Goats en
dc.subject Households en
dc.subject Disease transmission en
dc.subject Geographical distribution en
dc.subject Spatial analysis en
dc.subject Clustering en
dc.subject Risk factors en
dc.subject Classification en
dc.subject Zoonoses en
dc.subject Nepal en
dc.subject Asia, South en
dc.title Domestic animals and epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis, Nepal en
dc.type Article en
dc.citation.issue 2 en
dc.citation.jtitle Emerging Infectious Diseases en
dc.citation.volume 16 en
dc.citation.pages 231-237 en
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20113552
dc.citation.jabbreviation Emerg Infect Dis en


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