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A comparative longitudinal study of bovine trypanosomiasis in tsetse-free and tsetse-infested zones of the Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia

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dc.contributor.author Cherenet, T. en_US
dc.contributor.author Sani, R. A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Speybroeck, N. en_US
dc.contributor.author Panandam, J. M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Nadzr, S. en_US
dc.contributor.author Van den Bossche, P. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-06T14:35:50Z
dc.date.available 2007-12-06T14:35:50Z
dc.date.issued 2006 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0304-4017 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2006.04.004
dc.identifier.other ITG-A3A en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-ALA en_US
dc.identifier.other ANIMAL en_US
dc.identifier.other U-ANIMAL en_US
dc.identifier.other JIF en_US
dc.identifier.other DOI en_US
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/440
dc.description.abstract A study was conducted to determine the incidence of trypanosome infections in cattle in tsetse-free and tsetse-infested zones of the Amhara Region of northwest Ethiopia. A total of six sentinel herds were established and the cattle observed during a period of 8 consecutive months. The prevalence of seropositive cattle was high in both the tsetse-free and tsetse-infested zones. The average monthly incidence of trypanosome infection, determined using molecular diagnostic tools, was 20.9% and 25.7% in the tsetse-free and the tsetse-infested zones, respectively. In the tsetse-free, Trypanosoma vivax was responsible for 90.9% of the cattle trypanosome infections. In the tsetse-infested zone, Trypanosoma congolense and T. vivax contributed almost equally to the trypanosome infections in cattle. Trypanosome infection, regardless of species, resulted in anaemia as evidenced by a significant decrease in the packed cell volume of the infected animal. The outcome of this longitudinal study suggests that control of trypanosomiasis in the Amhara Region cannot be achieved by tsetse control alone. Supplemental measures to include drug therapy and biting fly control are discussed. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.subject Animal diseases en_US
dc.subject Cattle en_US
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en_US
dc.subject Trypanosomiasis en_US
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Seropositivity en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Incidence en_US
dc.subject Trypanosoma congolense en_US
dc.subject Trypanosoma vivax en_US
dc.subject Transmission en_US
dc.subject Ethiopia en_US
dc.subject Africa, East en_US
dc.title A comparative longitudinal study of bovine trypanosomiasis in tsetse-free and tsetse-infested zones of the Amhara region, northwest Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.issue 3-4 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Veterinary Parasitology en_US
dc.citation.volume 140 en_US
dc.citation.pages 251-258 en_US
dc.publisher.place Amsterdam
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16675127
dc.identifier.url http://www.elsevier.com/locate/vetpar
dc.citation.jabbreviation Vet Parasitol en_US


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