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East Coast fever and multiple El Niño Southern oscillation ranks

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dc.contributor.author Fandamu, P. en_US
dc.contributor.author Duchateau, L. en_US
dc.contributor.author Speybroeck, N. en_US
dc.contributor.author Mulumba, M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Berkvens, D. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2007-12-06T14:36:07Z
dc.date.available 2007-12-06T14:36:07Z
dc.date.issued 2006 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0304-4017 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vetpar.2005.09.008
dc.identifier.other ITG-A3A en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-ALA en_US
dc.identifier.other ANIMAL en_US
dc.identifier.other U-ANIMAL en_US
dc.identifier.other JIF en_US
dc.identifier.other DOI en_US
dc.identifier.other ABSTRACT en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/499
dc.description.abstract East Coast fever (ECF), a tick-borne disease of cattle, is a major constraint to livestock development in Africa in general and southern Zambia in particular. Understanding the transmission patterns of this disease complex is very difficult as shown by previous studies in southern and eastern Zambia due to the interplay of risk factors. In this long-term study, we investigated whether global weather changes had any influence on disease transmission in traditionally kept cattle in southern Zambia. The results from this study show a strong association between increased Theileria parva contacts in cattle and the presence of El Niño, clearly linking a simple climatic index to disease outbreaks. We therefore propose that in southern Zambia, the simple and readily available multiple El Niño Southern oscillation index (MEI) ranks be used in planning ECF control programmes and early warning. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier
dc.subject Animal diseases en_US
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en_US
dc.subject East Coast fever en_US
dc.subject Theileria parva en_US
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Risk factors en_US
dc.subject Environmental factors en_US
dc.subject Climate en_US
dc.subject El Niño en_US
dc.subject Early warning en_US
dc.subject Zambia en_US
dc.subject Africa, East en_US
dc.title East Coast fever and multiple El Niño Southern oscillation ranks en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.issue 2 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Veterinary Parasitology en_US
dc.citation.volume 135 en_US
dc.citation.pages 147-152 en_US
dc.publisher.place Amsterdam
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16213095
dc.identifier.url http://www.elsevier.com/locate/vetpar
dc.citation.jabbreviation Vet Parasitol en_US


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