Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp
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Malaria incidence and prevalence among children living in a peri-urban area on the coast of Benin, West Africa: a longitudinal study

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Show simple item record Nahum, A. Erhart, A. Maye, A. Ahounou, D. Van Overmeir, C. Menten, J. van Loen, H. Akogbeto, M. Coosemans, M. Massougbodji, A. D'Alessandro, U. 2010-10-05T12:46:32Z 2010-10-05T12:46:32Z 2010
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9637
dc.identifier.other ITG-P2A
dc.identifier.other ITG-P5B
dc.identifier.other ITG-I6A
dc.identifier.other ITG-I7B
dc.identifier.other ITG-P9A
dc.identifier.other ITG-PLA
dc.identifier.other PARAS
dc.identifier.other U-MALAR
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD25
dc.description.abstract Clinical malaria incidence was determined over 18 months in a cohort of 553 children living in a peri-urban area near Cotonou. Three cross-sectional surveys were also carried out. Malaria incidence showed a marked seasonal distribution with two peaks: the first corresponding to the long rainy season, and the second corresponding to the overflowing of Lake Nokoue. The overall Plasmodium falciparum incidence rate was estimated at 84/1,000 person-months, and its prevalence was estimated at over 40% in the two first surveys and 68.9% in the third survey. Multivariate analysis showed that girls and people living in closed houses had a lower risk of clinical malaria. Bed net use was associated with a lower risk of malaria infection. Conversely, children of families owing a pirogue were at higher risk of clinical malaria. Considering the high pyrethroids resistance, indoor residual spraying with either a carbamate or an organophospate insecticide may have a major impact on the malaria burden en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en
dc.subject Malaria en
dc.subject Plasmodium falciparum en
dc.subject Vectors en
dc.subject Mosquitoes en
dc.subject Anopheles gambiae en
dc.subject Anopheles melas en
dc.subject Incidence en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Seasonality en
dc.subject Rainfall en
dc.subject Lakes en
dc.subject Risk factors en
dc.subject Impregnated bednets en
dc.subject Insecticides en
dc.subject Pyrethroids en
dc.subject Insecticide resistance en
dc.subject Carbamate en
dc.subject Benin en
dc.subject Africa, West en
dc.title Malaria incidence and prevalence among children living in a peri-urban area on the coast of Benin, West Africa: a longitudinal study en
dc.type Article en
dc.citation.issue 3 en
dc.citation.jtitle American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene en
dc.citation.volume 83 en
dc.citation.pages 465-473 en
dc.citation.jabbreviation Am J Trop Med Hyg en

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