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Factors associated with the prevalence of circulating antigens to porcine cysticercosis in three villages of Burkina Faso

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Show simple item record Ganaba, R. Praet, N. Carabin, H. Millogo, A. Tarnagda, Z. Dorny, P. Hounton, S. Sow, A. Nitiema, P. Cowan, L. D. 2011-02-16T10:07:47Z 2011-02-16T10:07:47Z 2011
dc.identifier.issn 1935-2727
dc.identifier.other ITG-A2A
dc.identifier.other ITG-A6A
dc.identifier.other ANIMAL
dc.identifier.other U-ANIMAL
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other FTA
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD30
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Little is known about porcine cysticercosis in Burkina Faso. We conducted a pilot study to estimate the prevalence of antigens of Taenia solium cysticercosis and to identify associated factors in pigs of three villages in Burkina Faso, selected to represent different pig management practices: one village where pigs are allowed to roam freely (Batondo), one village where pigs are penned part of the time (Pabre) and one village with limited pig farming (Nyonyogo). METHODS/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A clustered random sampling design was used. Data on socio-demographic characteristics (source of drinking water, presence of latrines in the household, type and number of breeding animals) and pig management practices were collected using a standardized questionnaire. Blood samples were collected from one pig per household to determine the presence of antigens of the larval stages of T. solium by the B158/B60 Ag-ELISA. The associations between seropositivity and socio-demographic and pig management practices were estimated using logistic regression. Proportions of 32.5% (95% CI 25.4-40.3), 39.6% (31.9-47.8), and 0% of pigs, were found positive for the presence of circulating antigens of T. solium in Batondo, Pabre, and Nyonyogo, respectively. The results of the logistic regression analyses suggested that people acquire knowledge on porcine cysticercosis following the contamination of their animals. The presence of antigens in the pigs' sera was not associated with the absence of latrines in the household, the source of drinking water or the status of infection in humans but was associated with pig rearing practices during the rainy season. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results suggest that education of pig farmers is urgently needed to reduce the prevalence of this infection. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Helminthic diseases en
dc.subject Zoonoses en
dc.subject Cysticercosis en
dc.subject Taenia solium en
dc.subject Pigs en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Estimation en
dc.subject Antigens en
dc.subject Risk factors en
dc.subject Pig farms en
dc.subject Breeding sites en
dc.subject Animal husbandry en
dc.subject Management en
dc.subject Practices en
dc.subject Hygiene en
dc.subject Latrines en
dc.subject Drinking water en
dc.subject Ag-ELISA en
dc.subject Education en
dc.subject Farmers en
dc.subject Burkina Faso en
dc.subject Africa, West en
dc.title Factors associated with the prevalence of circulating antigens to porcine cysticercosis in three villages of Burkina Faso en
dc.type Article-E en
dc.citation.issue 1 en
dc.citation.jtitle PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases en
dc.citation.volume 5 en
dc.citation.pages e927 en
dc.citation.jabbreviation PLoS Negl Trop Dis en

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