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Mycobacteria in terrestrial small mammals on cattle farms in Tanzania

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dc.contributor.author Durnez, L.
dc.contributor.author Katakweba, A.
dc.contributor.author Sadiki, H.
dc.contributor.author Katholi, C. R.
dc.contributor.author Kazwala, R. R.
dc.contributor.author Machang'u, R. R.
dc.contributor.author Portaels, F.
dc.contributor.author Leirs, H.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-03T13:17:00Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-03T13:17:00Z
dc.date.issued 2011
dc.identifier.issn 2042-0048
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.4061/2011/495074
dc.identifier.other ITG-P1B
dc.identifier.other ITG-M1B
dc.identifier.other ITG-M7A
dc.identifier.other MULTI
dc.identifier.other PARAS
dc.identifier.other U-ENTOM
dc.identifier.other MICRO
dc.identifier.other U-MYCOB
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other FTA
dc.identifier.other Electronic
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD36
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/6623
dc.description.abstract The control of bovine tuberculosis and atypical mycobacterioses in cattle in developing countries is important but difficult because of the existence of wildlife reservoirs. In cattle farms in Tanzania, mycobacteria were detected in 7.3% of 645 small mammals and in cow's milk. The cattle farms were divided into "reacting" and "nonreacting" farms, based on tuberculin tests, and more mycobacteria were present in insectivores collected in reacting farms as compared to nonreacting farms. More mycobacteria were also present in insectivores as compared to rodents. All mycobacteria detected by culture and PCR in the small mammals were atypical mycobacteria. Analysis of the presence of mycobacteria in relation to the reactor status of the cattle farms does not exclude transmission between small mammals and cattle but indicates that transmission to cattle from another source of infection is more likely. However, because of the high prevalence of mycobacteria in some small mammal species, these infected animals can pose a risk to humans, especially in areas with a high HIV-prevalence as is the case in Tanzania. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Bacterial diseases en
dc.subject Animal diseases en
dc.subject Bovine tuberculosis en
dc.subject Mycobacterium bovis en
dc.subject Reservoirs en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Farms en
dc.subject Cattle en
dc.subject Mammals en
dc.subject Cow's milk en
dc.subject Insectivores en
dc.subject Rodents en
dc.subject Trapping en
dc.subject Specimen collection en
dc.subject Mathematical modeling en
dc.subject Infestation en
dc.subject Case detection en
dc.subject Tanzania en
dc.subject Africa, East en
dc.title Mycobacteria in terrestrial small mammals on cattle farms in Tanzania en
dc.type Article-E en
dc.citation.issue 495074 en
dc.citation.jtitle Veterinary Medicine International en
dc.citation.volume 2011 en
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21785686
dc.citation.jabbreviation Vet Med Int en


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