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|Authors: ||Conlan, J. V.|
Blacksell, S. D.
Thompson, R. C. A.
|Title: ||A cross-sectional study of Taenia solium in a multiple taeniid-endemic region reveals competition may be protective|
|Journal Name: ||American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene|
|Issue Date: ||2012 |
|Pubmed ID: ||http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22855759|
|Keywords: ||Helminthic diseases|
|Abstract: ||We conducted cross-sectional surveys for taeniasis and cysticercosis in humans, pigs, and dogs in four northern provinces of Laos. Human cysticercosis and taeniasis prevalence was 2.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-3.0%) and 8.4% (95% CI = 6.9-9.9%), respectively. Eating uncooked beef, being male, province of residence, age, and ethnicity were significant risk factors for taeniasis and only province of residence was a significant risk factor for cystiercosis. Thirty-five human tapeworms were recovered during the survey and 33 (94.3%) and 2 (5.7%) were identified as Taenia saginata and T. solium, respectively. Maximum-likelihood adjusted prevalence of T. solium and T. hydatigena in pigs was 4.2% (95% CI = 0.5-7.9%) and 55.9% (95% CI = 47.5-64.3%), respectively, and T. hydatigena taeniasis in dogs was 4.8% (95% CI = 0.0-11.3%). Taenia hydatigena and T. saginata were the most prevalent taeniids in the respective pig and human populations and together may suppress T. solium transmission.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dept. Biomedical Sciences - Articles|
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