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A cross-sectional study of Taenia solium in a multiple taeniid-endemic region reveals competition may be protective

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Show simple item record Conlan, J. V. Vongxay, K. Khamlome, B. Dorny, P. Sripa, B. Elliot, A. Blacksell, S. D. Fenwick, S. Thompson, R. C. A. 2012-10-04T15:13:31Z 2012-10-04T15:13:31Z 2012
dc.identifier.issn 0002-9637
dc.identifier.other ITG-B4A
dc.identifier.other DBM
dc.identifier.other U-VHELM
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD52
dc.description.abstract We conducted cross-sectional surveys for taeniasis and cysticercosis in humans, pigs, and dogs in four northern provinces of Laos. Human cysticercosis and taeniasis prevalence was 2.2% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.4-3.0%) and 8.4% (95% CI = 6.9-9.9%), respectively. Eating uncooked beef, being male, province of residence, age, and ethnicity were significant risk factors for taeniasis and only province of residence was a significant risk factor for cystiercosis. Thirty-five human tapeworms were recovered during the survey and 33 (94.3%) and 2 (5.7%) were identified as Taenia saginata and T. solium, respectively. Maximum-likelihood adjusted prevalence of T. solium and T. hydatigena in pigs was 4.2% (95% CI = 0.5-7.9%) and 55.9% (95% CI = 47.5-64.3%), respectively, and T. hydatigena taeniasis in dogs was 4.8% (95% CI = 0.0-11.3%). Taenia hydatigena and T. saginata were the most prevalent taeniids in the respective pig and human populations and together may suppress T. solium transmission. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Helminthic diseases en
dc.subject Zoonoses en
dc.subject Cysticercosis en
dc.subject Taeniasis en
dc.subject Taenia solium en
dc.subject Taenia saginata en
dc.subject Taenia hydatigena en
dc.subject Taenia asiatica en
dc.subject Humans en
dc.subject Pigs en
dc.subject Dogs en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Risk factors en
dc.subject Food preparation en
dc.subject Meat en
dc.subject Gender en
dc.subject Age en
dc.subject Ethnicity en
dc.subject Mathematical modeling en
dc.subject Laos en
dc.subject Asia, Southeast en
dc.title A cross-sectional study of Taenia solium in a multiple taeniid-endemic region reveals competition may be protective en
dc.type Article en
dc.citation.issue 2 en
dc.citation.jtitle American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene en
dc.citation.volume 87 en
dc.citation.pages 281-291 en
dc.citation.jabbreviation Am J Trop Med Hyg en

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