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Identification of hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and seroprevalence to Theileria parva in cattle raised in North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo

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dc.contributor.author Kalume, M. K.
dc.contributor.author Saegerman, C.
dc.contributor.author Mbahikyavolo, D. K.
dc.contributor.author Makumyaviri, A. M.
dc.contributor.author Marcotty, T.
dc.contributor.author Madder, M.
dc.contributor.author Caron, Y.
dc.contributor.author Lempereur, L.
dc.contributor.author Losson, B.
dc.date.accessioned 2013-05-24T08:26:48Z
dc.date.available 2013-05-24T08:26:48Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.issn 0932-0113
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00436-012-3200-7
dc.identifier.other ITG-B5A
dc.identifier.other ITG-B6A
dc.identifier.other DBM
dc.identifier.other U-VEPID
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD55
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/7429
dc.description.abstract This study aimed to identify tick species and to determine their relationship with the Theileria parva seroprevalence in cattle raised under an extensive farming system in North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo in two agro-ecological zones namely medium (1,000-1,850 m) and high (>1,850 m) altitude. Among the 3,215 ticks collected on 482 animals, from February to April 2009, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (64.26 %), the main vector of T. parva, was the most abundant species followed by Rhipicephalus decoloratus (35.49 %) and Amblyomma variegatum (0.25 %). The mean burden of R. appendiculatus tick per infested animal appeared significantly higher at medium (6.5 +/- 0.22 ticks) than at high (0.07 +/- 0.3 ticks) altitude (P < 0.05). However, an indirect fluorescent antibody test carried out on 450 blood samples revealed a global T. parva seroprevalence of 43 % (95 % CI: 38-47) which was not significantly (P > 0.05) different between medium (48.4 %; 95 % CI: 38-49) and high (41.9 %; 95 % CI: 35-49) altitude. These relatively low seroprevalences suggest that there is a state of endemicity to T. parva infection in the study area. The presence of the tick vector on animals was associated with an increased risk of being seropositive to T. parva infection (odds ratio = 2.04; 95 % CI: 1.8-2.3; P < 0.001). The results suggest the need for a longitudinal study to investigate the seasonal dynamics of tick species and T. parva infection. The rate of tick infection should also be evaluated in order to determine the intensity of T. parva transmission to cattle. en
dc.language English en
dc.subject Animal diseases en
dc.subject Theileriasis en
dc.subject East Coast fever en
dc.subject Theileria parva en
dc.subject Vectors en
dc.subject Ticks en
dc.subject Rhipicephalus appendiculatus en
dc.subject Rhipicephalus decoloratus en
dc.subject Amblyomma variegatum en
dc.subject Cattle en
dc.subject Disease burden en
dc.subject Prevalence en
dc.subject Entomology en
dc.subject Identification en
dc.subject Farming systems en
dc.subject Altitude en
dc.subject Endemicity en
dc.subject Congo-Kinshasa en
dc.subject Africa, Central en
dc.title Identification of hard ticks (Acari: Ixodidae) and seroprevalence to Theileria parva in cattle raised in North Kivu Province, Democratic Republic of Congo en
dc.type Article en
dc.citation.issue 2 en
dc.citation.jtitle Parasitology Research en
dc.citation.volume 112 en
dc.citation.pages 789-797 en
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23192530
dc.citation.jabbreviation Parasitol Res en


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