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The sequential aerosol technique: a major component in an integrated strategy of intervention against Riverine Tsetse in Ghana

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dc.contributor.author Adam, Y. en_US
dc.contributor.author Cecchi, G. en_US
dc.contributor.author Kgori, P. M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Marcotty, T. en_US
dc.contributor.author Mahama, C. I. en_US
dc.contributor.author Abavana, M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Anderson, B. en_US
dc.contributor.author Paone, M. en_US
dc.contributor.author Mattioli, R. en_US
dc.contributor.author Bouyer, J. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-25T13:39:39Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-25T13:39:39Z
dc.date.issued 2013 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1935-2727 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0002135 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-B4A; DBM; U-VHELM; JIF; DOI; FTA; E-only; Abstract; UPD56 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/7780
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: An integrated strategy of intervention against tsetse flies was implemented in the Upper West Region of Ghana (9.62 degrees -11.00 degrees N, 1.40 degrees -2.76 degrees W), covering an area of approximately 18,000 km(2) within the framework of the Pan-African Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Eradication Campaign. Two species were targeted: Glossina tachinoides and Glossina palpalis gambiensis. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The objectives were to test the potentiality of the sequential aerosol technique (SAT) to eliminate riverine tsetse species in a challenging subsection (dense tree canopy and high tsetse densities) of the total sprayed area (6,745 km(2)) and the subsequent efficacy of an integrated strategy including ground spraying ( approximately 100 km(2)), insecticide treated targets (20,000) and insecticide treated cattle (45,000) in sustaining the results of tsetse suppression in the whole intervention area. The aerial application of low-dosage deltamethrin aerosols (0.33-0.35 g a.i/ha) was conducted along the three main rivers using five custom designed fixed-wings Turbo thrush aircraft. The impact of SAT on tsetse densities was monitored using 30 biconical traps deployed from two weeks before until two weeks after the operations. Results of the SAT monitoring indicated an overall reduction rate of 98% (from a pre-intervention mean apparent density per trap per day (ADT) of 16.7 to 0.3 at the end of the fourth and last cycle). One year after the SAT operations, a second survey using 200 biconical traps set in 20 sites during 3 weeks was conducted throughout the intervention area to measure the impact of the integrated control strategy. Both target species were still detected, albeit at very low densities (ADT of 0.27 inside sprayed blocks and 0.10 outside sprayed blocks). CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The SAT operations failed to achieve elimination in the monitored section, but the subsequent integrated strategy maintained high levels of suppression throughout the intervention area, which will contribute to improving animal health, increasing animal production and fostering food security. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en_US
dc.subject Trypanosomiasis, African en_US
dc.subject Sleeping sickness en_US
dc.subject Vectors en_US
dc.subject Tsetse flies en_US
dc.subject Glossina tachinoides en_US
dc.subject Glossina palpalis gambiensis en_US
dc.subject Control strategies en_US
dc.subject Control programs en_US
dc.subject Interventions en_US
dc.subject Aerosols en_US
dc.subject Spraying en_US
dc.subject Deltamethrin en_US
dc.subject Eradication en_US
dc.subject Efficacy en_US
dc.subject Ghana en_US
dc.subject Africa, West en_US
dc.title The sequential aerosol technique: a major component in an integrated strategy of intervention against Riverine Tsetse in Ghana en_US
dc.type Article-E en_US
dc.citation.issue 3 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases en_US
dc.citation.volume 7 en_US
dc.citation.pages e2135 en_US
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23516662 en_US
dc.citation.jabbreviation PLoS Negl Trop Dis en_US


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