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Health-seeking behaviour in the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo: results from a cross-sectional household survey

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dc.contributor.author Chenge, M. F. en_US
dc.contributor.author Van der Vennet, J. en_US
dc.contributor.author Luboya, N. O. en_US
dc.contributor.author Vanlerberghe, V. en_US
dc.contributor.author Mapatano, M. A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Criel, B. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-25T13:39:43Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-25T13:39:43Z
dc.date.issued 2014 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1472-6963 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-14-173 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-H2A; ITG-H4; ITG-HLA; DPH; U-ECTB; U-HFIN; ZRB; JIF; DOI; FTA; URL; OAJ; Abstract; UPD56 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/7837
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Concerns about the occurrence of disease among household members generally initiate treatment-seeking actions. This study aims to identify the various treatment-seeking options of patients in Lubumbashi, analyze their health-seeking behaviour, identify determinants for the use of formal care, and analyze direct health care expenditure. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of households in Lubumbashi was conducted in July 2010. Information was collected from a randomly selected sample of 251 households with at least one member who had been ill in the 2 weeks preceding the survey. RESULTS: Frequently used initial treatment-seeking options consist of self-medication based on modern medicines (54.6%), the use of first-line health services (23.1%) and hospitals (11.9%), with a perceived effectiveness of 51%, 83% and 91% respectively. If people go for a second option, then formal health care services are most often preferred. The majority (60%) of patients' spontaneous itineraries reflect the expected functioning of a local health care system, with a patient flow characterised by the use of a first line health facility prior to the use of hospital-based services. Chronicity of the disease is the main determinant of seeking formal care. Analysis of care expenditure reveals that drugs are the only line of expenditure in the informal system and the main source of expenditure in the formal system; costs do not discriminate between first-line health services and hospitals, and the payment system is regressive since the poorest patients pay the same amounts as the richest. CONCLUSIONS: This study points to the importance of self-medication as the first therapeutic option for the majority of patients in Lubumbashi, whatever the nature of the health problem. There is a lot of room to rationalise this practice. Although formal care is not common initial therapeutic option, it is the source of care most patients turn to, especially when they believe having a chronic disease. Patients' itineraries in this urban environment are complex; health managers should try and deal with this reality. Finally, our study indicates that poor patients face the same level of out-of-pocket payments as the more wealthy ones, hence the need for more equitable health care financing arrangements. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Public health en_US
dc.subject Health care seeking behavior en_US
dc.subject Treatment en_US
dc.subject Health services-needs and demand en_US
dc.subject Self-medication en_US
dc.subject Health services en_US
dc.subject Hospitals en_US
dc.subject Determinants en_US
dc.subject Chronic diseases en_US
dc.subject Health expenditures en_US
dc.subject Drugs en_US
dc.subject Affordability en_US
dc.subject Socioeconomic aspects en_US
dc.subject Congo-Kinshasa en_US
dc.subject Africa, Central en_US
dc.title Health-seeking behaviour in the city of Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of the Congo: results from a cross-sectional household survey en_US
dc.type Article-E en_US
dc.citation.issue 173 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle BMC Health Services Research en_US
dc.citation.volume 14 en_US
dc.citation.pages 1-12 en_US
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24735729 en_US
dc.identifier.url http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/14/173 en_US
dc.citation.jabbreviation BMC Health Serv Res en_US


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