Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp
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Invasive process and repeated cross-sectional surveys of the mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus establishment in Belgium

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dc.contributor.author Damiens, D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Ayrinhac, A. en_US
dc.contributor.author Van Bortel, W. en_US
dc.contributor.author Versteirt, V. en_US
dc.contributor.author Dekoninck, W. en_US
dc.contributor.author Hance, T. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2014-09-25T13:39:44Z
dc.date.available 2014-09-25T13:39:44Z
dc.date.issued 2014 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203 en_US
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089358 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-B3A; ITG-B4B; DBM; U-ENTOM; JIF; DOI; FTA; Abstract; OAJ; Abstract; UPD56 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/7845
dc.description.abstract When accidentally introduced in a new location, a species does not necessarily readily become invasive, but it usually needs several years to adapt to its new environment. In 2009, a national mosquito survey (MODIRISK) reported the introduction and possible establishment of an invasive mosquito species, Aedes j. japonicus, in Belgium. First collected in 2002 in the village of Natoye from a second-hand tire company, then sampled in 2003 and 2004, the presence of adults and larvae was confirmed in 2007 and 2008. A repeated cross-sectional survey of Ae. j. japonicus was then conducted in 2009 in Natoye to study the phenology of the species on two different sites using three kinds of traps: Mosquito Magnet Liberty Plus traps, BG sentinel traps and CDC Gravid traps. An analysis of the blood meals was done on females to assess the epidemiological risks. Five species of mosquitos were caught using the different kind of traps: Culex pipiens, Cx torrentium, Anopheles claviger, Aedes geniculatus and Ae. j. japonicus, Cx pipiens being the most abundant. The CDC gravid traps gave the best results. Surprisingly Ae. j. japonicus was only found on one site although both sites seem similar and are only distant of 2.5 km. Its population peak was reached in July. Most of the engorged mosquitoes tested acquired blood meals from humans (60%). No avian blood meals were unambiguously identified. Larvae were also collected, mostly from tires but also from buckets and from one tree hole. Only one larva was found in a puddle at 100 m of the tire storage. A first local treatment of Ae. j. japonicus larvae population was done in May 2012 using Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis (Bti) and was followed by preventive actions and public information. A monitoring is also presently implemented. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Entomology en_US
dc.subject Aedes japonicus japonicus en_US
dc.subject Culex pipiens en_US
dc.subject Culex torrentium en_US
dc.subject Anopheles claviger en_US
dc.subject Aedes geniculatus en_US
dc.subject National programs en_US
dc.subject Monitoring en_US
dc.subject Surveys en_US
dc.subject Species en_US
dc.subject Imported en_US
dc.subject Adaptation en_US
dc.subject Environment en_US
dc.subject Phenology en_US
dc.subject Specimen collection en_US
dc.subject Larvae en_US
dc.subject Trapping en_US
dc.subject Bloodmeal en_US
dc.subject Belgium en_US
dc.subject Europe, West en_US
dc.title Invasive process and repeated cross-sectional surveys of the mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus establishment in Belgium en_US
dc.type Article-E en_US
dc.citation.issue 4 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle PLoS ONE en_US
dc.citation.volume 9 en_US
dc.citation.pages e89358 en_US
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24694576 en_US
dc.citation.jabbreviation PLoS ONE en_US


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