Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp
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An update on the ecological distribution of the Ixodidae ticks in Zimbabwe

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dc.contributor.author Sungirai, M.
dc.contributor.author Madder, M.
dc.contributor.author Moyo, D. Z.
dc.contributor.author De Clercq, P.
dc.contributor.author Abatih, E. N.
dc.date.accessioned 2015-09-01T15:05:30Z
dc.date.available 2015-09-01T15:05:30Z
dc.date.issued 2015
dc.identifier.issn 0168-8162
dc.identifier.doi http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10493-015-9892-5
dc.identifier.other U-B1B
dc.identifier.other ITG-B2A
dc.identifier.other ITG-BLB
dc.identifier.other DBM
dc.identifier.other U-VENTO
dc.identifier.other U-VEPID
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD59
dc.identifier.other NOBIT
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10390/8522
dc.description.abstract In total 7657 ticks were collected from 121 dip tanks in 12 districts representative of Zimbabwe's five ecological regions between September 2013 and May 2014. Based on morphological traits four genera and 13 species of ticks were identified. Amblyomma hebraeum (60.3 %), Rhipicephalus microplus (58.7 %), Rhipicephalus decoloratus (47.1 %), Rhipicephalus appendiculatus (56.2 %), Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi (67.8 %), Rhipicephalus (near) punctatus (13.2 %), Hyalomma truncatum (38 %) and Hyalomma rufipes (46.3 %) were found in all the ecological regions of the country. Amblyomma variegatum and Rhipicephalus compositus (0.8 %) were only found in the north central part of the country while Rhipicephalus simus (5 %) had a sparse distribution. The Haemaphysalis leachi group (1.7 %) and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (1.7 %) were found whenever dogs were sampled suggesting these could be widespread throughout the country. The study confirmed the continued limited distribution of A. variegatum (3.3 %) in the north central parts of the country, whereas A. hebraeum was found to have a wide distribution also encroaching areas of high rainfall and lower temperatures where it was not previously recorded. A parapatric relationship existed between these two Amblyomma species. Rhipicephalus appendiculatus was also widely distributed although its presence was dominant in the cooler and wetter parts of the country. The traditionally held view that Hyalomma species and R. evertsi evertsi can survive well under diverse conditions is upheld in this study. Rhipicephalus microplus was also present in dry regions but its adaptability to these regions requires further investigation. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Entomology en_US
dc.subject Ixodidae en_US
dc.subject Amblyomma en_US
dc.subject Rhipicephalus en_US
dc.subject Hyalomma en_US
dc.subject Ecology en_US
dc.subject Distribution en_US
dc.subject Specimen collection en_US
dc.subject Temperature en_US
dc.subject Rainfall en_US
dc.subject Zimbabwe en_US
dc.subject Africa, Southern en_US
dc.title An update on the ecological distribution of the Ixodidae ticks in Zimbabwe en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.issue 2 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Experimental and Applied Acarology en_US
dc.citation.volume 66 en_US
dc.citation.pages 269-280 en_US
dc.identifier.pmid http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25721256
dc.citation.jabbreviation Exp Appl Acarol en_US


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