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Schistosomiasis in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a literature review

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Show simple item record Madinga, J. Linsuke, S. Mpabanzi, L. Meurs, L. Kanobana, K. Speybroeck, N. Lutumba, P. Polman, K. 2016-03-03T10:15:17Z 2016-03-03T10:15:17Z 2015
dc.identifier.issn 1756-3305
dc.identifier.other ITG-B1B
dc.identifier.other ITG-B3B
dc.identifier.other ITG-B4B
dc.identifier.other ITG-B5B
dc.identifier.other ITG-BLA
dc.identifier.other DBM
dc.identifier.other U-MHELM
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other FTA
dc.identifier.other OAJ
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD60
dc.description.abstract Schistosomiasis is a poverty-related parasitic infection, leading to chronic ill-health. For more than a century, schistosomiasis has been known to be endemic in certain provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). However, a clear overview on the status of the disease within the country is currently lacking, which is seriously hampering control. Here, we review the available information on schistosomiasis in DRC of the past 60 years. Findings and data gaps are discussed in the perspective of upcoming control activities.An electronic literature search via PubMed complemented by manual search of non-peer-reviewed articles was conducted up to January 2015. The search concerned all relevant records related to schistosomiasis in the DRC from January 1955 onwards. A total of 155 records were found, of which 30 met the inclusion criteria. Results were summarized by geographical region, mapped, and compared with those reported sixty years ago. The available data reported schistosomiasis in some areas located in 10 of the 11 provinces of DRC. Three species of Schistosoma were found: S. mansoni, S. haematobium and S. intercalatum. The prevalence of schistosomiasis varied greatly between regions and between villages, with high values of up to 95 % observed in some communities. The overall trend over 60 years points to the spread of schistosomiasis to formerly non-endemic areas. The prevalence of schistosomiasis has increased in rural endemic areas and decreased in urban/peri-urban endemic areas of Kinshasa. Hepatosplenomegaly, urinary tract lesions and anaemia were commonly reported in schistosomiasis endemic areas but not always associated with infection status.The present review confirms that schistosomiasis is still endemic in DRC. However, available data are scattered across time and space and studies lack methodological uniformity, hampering a reliable estimation of the current status of schistosomiasis in DRC. There is a clear need for updated prevalence data and well-designed studies on the epidemiology and transmission of schistosomiasis in DRC. This will aid the national control program to adequately design and implement strategies for sustainable and comprehensive control of schistosomiasis throughout the country. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Helminthic diseases en_US
dc.subject Schistosomiasis en_US
dc.subject Schistosoma mansoni en_US
dc.subject Schistosoma haematobium en_US
dc.subject Schistosoma intercalatum en_US
dc.subject Epidemiology en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Trends en_US
dc.subject Hepatosplenomegaly en_US
dc.subject Urinary tract infections en_US
dc.subject Anemia en_US
dc.subject Associations en_US
dc.subject Endemicity en_US
dc.subject Review of the literature en_US
dc.subject Congo-Kinshasa en_US
dc.subject Africa, Central en_US
dc.title Schistosomiasis in the Democratic Republic of Congo: a literature review en_US
dc.type Article-E en_US
dc.citation.issue 601 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Parasites and Vectors en_US
dc.citation.volume 8 en_US
dc.citation.pages 1-10 en_US
dc.citation.jabbreviation Parasit Vectors en_US

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