Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp
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Community-based tsetse fly control significantly reduces fly density and trypanosomosis prevalence in Metekel Zone, Northwest, Ethiopia

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Show simple item record Girmay, G. Arega, B. Tesfaye, D. Berkvens, D. Muleta, G. Asefa, G. 2016-06-03T12:08:22Z 2016-06-03T12:08:22Z 2016
dc.identifier.issn 0049-4747
dc.identifier.other ITG-B4A
dc.identifier.other DBM
dc.identifier.other U-VEPID
dc.identifier.other JIF
dc.identifier.other DOI
dc.identifier.other Abstract
dc.identifier.other UPD62
dc.description.abstract African animal trypanosomosis is a great obstacle to livestock production where tsetse flies play a major role. Metekel zone is among the tsetse-infested areas. Community-based tsetse fly and trypanosomosis control using targets was conducted from June 2011 to May 2012 in Metekel zone, Ethiopia, to decrease trypanosomosis and tsetse fly. Cloth screen targets were developed, impregnated with 0.1 % deltamethrin, and deployed alongside rivers by the research team together with the community animal health workers. Monthly parasitological and entomological data were collected, processed, and compared with similar data collected before control. Overall average tsetse fly (Glossina tachinoides) density decreased from 1.13 to 0.18 fly/trap/day after control. The density was decreased in all sites with no significant difference among the sites. However, higher decrements were observed in the dry and late dry seasons by more than 12 and 6 times, respectively. The reduction in overall apparent prevalence of trypanosomosis caused by Trypanosoma congolense, Trypanosoma brucei, and Trypanosoma vivax from 12.14 % before to 3.61 % after control coincides with the tsetse fly reduction. In all the study sites, significant reduction was observed before and after control. The highest decrement was observed in the late dry season when the apparent prevalence was reduced from 7.89 to 1.17 % before and after control, respectively. As this approach is simple, cost-effective, and appropriate for riverine tsetse species, we recommend to be scaled up to other similar places. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject Animal diseases en_US
dc.subject Protozoal diseases en_US
dc.subject Trypanosomiasis, animal en_US
dc.subject Trypanosoma congolense en_US
dc.subject Trypanosoma brucei en_US
dc.subject Trypanosoma vivax en_US
dc.subject Nagana en_US
dc.subject Vectors en_US
dc.subject Tsetse flies en_US
dc.subject Glossina tachinoides en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Vector control en_US
dc.subject Impregnated curtains en_US
dc.subject Density en_US
dc.subject Seasonality en_US
dc.subject Cost-effectiveness en_US
dc.subject Ethiopia en_US
dc.subject Africa, East en_US
dc.title Community-based tsetse fly control significantly reduces fly density and trypanosomosis prevalence in Metekel Zone, Northwest, Ethiopia en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.issue 3 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Tropical Animal Health and Production en_US
dc.citation.volume 48 en_US
dc.citation.pages 633-462 en_US
dc.citation.jabbreviation Trop Anim Health Prod en_US

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