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The unexpected discovery of Brucella abortus Buck 19 vaccine in goats from Ecuador underlines the importance of biosecurity measures

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Show simple item record Ron-Roman, J. en_US Berkvens, D. en_US Barzallo-Rivadeneira, D. en_US Angulo-Cruz, A. en_US Gonzalez-Andrade, P. en_US Minda-Aluisa, E. en_US Benitez-Ortiz, W. en_US Brandt, J. en_US Rodriguez-Hidalgo, R. en_US Saegerman, C. en_US 2017-12-18T12:55:49Z 2017-12-18T12:55:49Z 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0049-4747 en_US
dc.identifier.doi en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-B2A; ITG-B8X; DBM; U-VEPID; JIF; DOI; CPDF; Abstract; DSPACE64; NOBIT en_US
dc.description.abstract Very few, mostly old, and only preliminary serological studies of brucellosis in goats exist in Ecuador. In order to assess the current epidemiological situation, we performed a cross-sectional serological study in the goat populations of Carchi (n = 160 animals), Pichincha (n = 224 animals), and Loja provinces (n = 2024 animals). Only two positive serological results (RB negative and SAT-EDTA >/=400 IU/ml) were obtained in lactating goats from the same farm in Quito (Pichincha province). Additionally, milk was sampled from 220 animals in Pichincha province. The present study indicates a low apparent prevalence in Pichincha province and absence in Carchi and Loja provinces. A total of 25 positive milk ring tests (MRT) were obtained in Pichincha province yielding a prevalence of MRT of 11.16%. Subsequent culture was performed on the positive MRT samples. All results were negative, apart from a single sample, obtained from a serologically positive goat in Quito, that was positive for Brucella abortus strain 19 (B19). Several hypotheses are forwarded concerning this unexpected result. The most likely hypothesis is the possible accidental use of a needle, previously used for vaccination of cattle with the said vaccine, for the administration of drug treatment to the goat. This hypothesis underlines the necessity of biosecurity measures to prevent this type of accidents. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.uri en_US
dc.subject Brucella abortus en_US
dc.subject Vaccines en_US
dc.subject Bacterial diseases en_US
dc.subject Animal diseases en_US
dc.subject Goats en_US
dc.subject Ecuador en_US
dc.subject America-Latin en_US
dc.title The unexpected discovery of Brucella abortus Buck 19 vaccine in goats from Ecuador underlines the importance of biosecurity measures en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.citation.issue 3 en_US
dc.citation.jtitle Tropical Animal Health and Production en_US
dc.citation.volume 49 en_US
dc.citation.pages 569-574 en_US
dc.citation.abbreviation Trop Anim Health Prod en_US

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