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Women with HIV in Indonesia: are they bridging a concentrated epidemic to the wider community?

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Show simple item record Rahmalia, A. en_US Wisaksana, R. en_US Meijerink, H. en_US Indrati, A. R. en_US Alisjahbana, B. en_US Roeleveld, N. en_US van der Ven, A. J. en_US Laga, M. en_US van Crevel, R. en_US 2017-12-18T12:56:11Z 2017-12-18T12:56:11Z 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1756-0500 en_US
dc.identifier.doi en_US
dc.identifier.other en_US
dc.identifier.other 8 pp. en_US
dc.identifier.other 41 en_US
dc.identifier.other ITG-H8A; DPH; U-HAP; JIF; DOI; PDF; PMC; OAJ; E-only; Abstract; DSPACE64; AR2016 en_US
dc.description.abstract BACKGROUND: Male injecting drug users drove the onset of the HIV epidemic in Indonesia but over time more women have been diagnosed. We examined the relative proportion of female patients in an HIV cohort and characterized their probable transmission route and reproductive profile. DESIGNS: Prospective cohort study in a referral hospital in West Java. METHODS: Interviews with standardized questionnaires, physical and laboratory examinations were done for 2622 individuals enrolled in HIV care between 2007 and 2012. The proportion of women in this cohort was compared with national estimates. The general characteristics of HIV-infected women and men as well as the sexual and reproductive health of HIV-infected women were described. RESULTS: The proportion of female patients enrolled in HIV care increased from 22.2 % in 2007 to 38.3 % in 2012, in line with national estimates. Women were younger than men, fewer reported a history of IDU (16.1 vs. 73.8 %, p < 0.001) and more were tested for HIV because of a positive partner (25.5 vs. 4.0 %, p < 0.001). The majority of women were in their reproductive age, had children, and were not using contraceptives at the time of enrolment. CONCLUSION: HIV-infected women in Indonesia have specific characteristics that differ them from women in the general population. Further research to elucidate the characteristics of women exposed to HIV, their access to testing and care and sexual and reproductive needs can help reduce transmission to women and children in the context of concentrated HIV epidemic in Indonesia. en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.publisher BMC Research Notes en_US
dc.relation.uri en_US
dc.subject HIV en_US
dc.subject Viral diseases en_US
dc.subject Women en_US
dc.subject Indonesia en_US
dc.subject Asia-Southeast en_US
dc.title Women with HIV in Indonesia: are they bridging a concentrated epidemic to the wider community? en_US
dc.type Article-E en_US
dc.citation.volume 8 en_US
dc.citation.pages 757 en_US
dc.citation.abbreviation BMC Res Notes en_US

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